The Primary Waste Collection and Recycling Component is one of the main working areas of the National Solid Waste Management Programme (NSWMP) with the goal to apply labour-intensive, resource-efficient and cost-effective models for collection and recycling of municipal waste in 4 Governorates, namely Assuit, Kafr El Sheikh (KES), Gharbeya and Qena.
|Operator models are described as the specific relation between the client (responsible for ensuring the provision of a reliable Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWM) system meeting the required standards) the operator (responsible for delivery of the Municipal Solid Waste Management service on the ground) and the revenue collector (responsible for collection of revenue for waste management services at the local level).
published by GIZ in 2013
The NSWMP decided to design three models in each governorate in three different types of neighborhoods or areas: an urban neighborhood, a semi-urban neighborhood and a rural neighborhood. Therefore, a total of about 12 models were designed and are currently being implemented with a strong support of the local counterparts. The program is using a participatory and inclusive approach with the local stakeholders and counterparts to remain able to adapt the models again where necessary.
The selection of the areas in the four focal governorates took place through a long process in the field and was based on governorate plans and recommendations taking into account the needed diversity among the models.
The table below is giving an overview of the selected areas of the 12 pilot projects.
Table 1: Overview of the selected areas of the 12 pilot projects
|Governorate||Type of Settlement||Name of District|
|Semi-urban||El Fath City|
|Qena||Urban||Nagaa Hammadi City|
|Kafr El Sheikh||Urban||KES City Zone 5|
|Semi-urban||Kantara Zone 8|
The NSWMP contracted a consultancy for the design of the models, the preparation phase before the start of the actual implementation and the implementation process itself with the local counterparts. The designs are almost all finalized, only some neighborhoods need adjustments. About 12 models have been designed. The finalization of the design models is a dynamic process and has to go through many development stages to reach a consensus by all local stakeholders, including local municipalities, local operators, the SWM unit in each governorate, etc.
The data for the baseline survey was collected through meetings with different stakeholders including different governmental authorities (local authorities, environmental authorities, health and education, etc.) to document their views about the system, how it could be improved and their vision about their participation. In addition, a social survey was conducted to investigate the resident’s view about SWM, their recommendations for improvements and their willingness to financially contribute to the improved system.
Based on the surveys different operator models were developed for each neighborhood respecting local conditions. Through key commonalities the models could be replicated and used as best practices.
To ensure an efficient implementation process the NSWMP and the consultancy making serious efforts to create high engagement and ownership from all relevant parties. For a successful implementation the roles and responsibilities have been agreed upon and all parties show their full commitment.