The main goal and basic intention of the National Solid Waste Management Programme (NSWMP) is to catalyse progress in implementing new and improved waste management services and facilities to serve the Egyptian people.
To facilitate this, the NSWMP has identified a range of measures which need to be taken to develop the ‘framework’ conditions for the waste management sector to thrive. Improved services requires suitable codes, planning of services, and participation of capable operators within the frame of adequate service contracts. Guidelines, codes and technical standards will be developed in order to support the practical application of the Waste Framework Law and subsidiary regulations. These will provide a detailed framework for waste management sector to operate. Guidance documents covering the implementation of waste management legislation will be prepared for governorates and municipalities on areas of critical importance to the future sustainability of waste management services.
- standards for landfill sites,
- planning procedures,
- technical and financial planning,
- litter prevention and the cleanliness of public land
- and best practice options for collection, treatment and disposal of solid wastes.
Regional planning is necessary for municipal solid waste management services to keep up with the increasing demand. Strategic plans establish clear objectives, intentions, actions, and timelines for improving services and facilities. Inclusivity is a key factor in successful planning. Plans need to be continuously evaluated in meeting objectives and adjusted accordingly in future planning cycles.
In the future the Egyptian Solid Waste Management Regulatory Agency (WMRA) shall prepare guidelines and models for preparation and evaluation of regional waste management plans in support for the governorates to prepare their regional plans.
The private sector involved in solid waste management in Egypt includes a mixture of international, national, as well as small and medium enterprises with mixed success. The private sector in Egypt requires further regulatory support, coordination, and access to finance in order to develop a thriving home-grown industry capable of expand across the nation and implement the desired levels of service. The challenges on the ground remain practical and solvable. Whilst waste management services are quite complex, improving systemic performance of day-today services relies on the people involved in supervising, planning and operating the services.